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Welcome to Vol. 44 of the Spanish Online Newsletter! Your weekly Spanish learning with mp3 files, as well as links to Spanish travel places and more. I've had quite a few requests lately for language learning travel opportunities, and I'm thinking of organizing a Spanish teaching trip to a fun place like Puerto Vallarta or a Mexican colonial city such as San Miguel de Allende, Guanajuato, or Zacatecas. It's still in the early planning stages, but the idea is that there would be no more than 10 to 12 people per group, and it would be guided by myself and a friend here in Seattle who runs a multilingual bookstore & Spanish publishing company. We've been brainstorming about how to integrate language learning with a great vacation, and would like some feedback by anyone who might be interested in such a trip. I've put together a short poll here (you can also click the button below). If you have any questions you can just hit the "reply" button and email me directly from your newsletter, or if reading online you can click here to send me a note.

Help us customize our language learning vacations!

This week we tackle a slightly more intermediate grammar concept: using the subjunctive. While this can be one of the most challenging elements for gringos to overcome, it is essential to truly speaking Spanish like a native. ¡Vamos a conquistar el subjuntivo!


A Mood as Well as a Tense...Subjunctive Verbs

When talking about something that might or might not happen, a special tense called the subjunctive is often used. It’s not just a verb tense —it’s a MOOD—throwing some emotion or opinion into the sentence. Using the subjunctive can be tricky for English speakers, so the key is to remember it as the emotional, doubtful, hopeful MOOD. Things that MAY or MAY NOT happen —often opinions or wishes rather than hard facts.

  regular subjunctive patterns - present tense
 

AR » e

hable
hables
hable
hablemos
hablen

ER » a

venda
vendas
venda
vendamos
vendan

IR » a

escriba
escribas
escriba
escribamos
escriban

One good clue that the subjunctive might be used is when you see the word “QUE ”before a conjugated verb. Be careful, because regular verbs are also used after “QUE,” but most cases of subjunctive have “QUE ”before them. Pay attention to the following types of MOODS:

practice the subjunctive in Spanish

Worksheet: Subjunctive Verbs

Quiz: El subjuntivo en español



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© Spanish Online, 2004 Newsletter Volume 44, 3/06/04

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