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Welcome to Vol. 45 of the Spanish Online Newsletter! Your weekly Spanish learning with mp3 files, as well as links to Spanish travel places and more. I'm sorry but I've been on the move yet again and have not been able to file regular newsletters! This time it's been Alaska, where I was born. There are a lot more Spanish speakers than you'd think up there, as well as some great Mexican restaurants. This week we tackle another intermediate grammar concept: the imperfect subjunctive.


If This Were to Happen...The Imperfect Subjunctive

This tense works hand in hand with another tense we'll look at next week called the conditional, in order to create situations that can be characterized by “if this, then that.” For example, if I were a bird,I would fly." The first part you need to learn is the imperfect subjunctive —the “if this” part.

  regular imp. subjunctive patterns - present tense
 

AR » ara

hablara
hablaras
hablara
habláramos
hablaran

ER » iera

vendiera
vendieras
vendiera
vendiéramos
vendieran

IR » iera

escribiera
escribieras
escribiera
escribiéramos
escribiera

To form this tense you need to remember the PAST TENSE for
“ellos, Uds.” Then just follow the easy pattern (remember there are some irregulars!)

hear audio mp3Click to hear an mp3

practice the subjunctive in Spanish

hear audio mp3Click to hear an mp3

Worksheet: Imperfect Subjunctive



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© Spanish Online, 2004 Newsletter Volume 45, 4/03/04

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